A spatial-allocation model for regional health-services planning
Abernathy, W. J. H., John C. (1972). A Spatial-Allocation Model for Regional Health-Services Planning. [Journal Article]. Operations Research, 20(3), 629-642.
In planning for health services, the need arises to determine the location, capacity, and number of health centers for a geographically defined region. The present paper formulates this problem in a form convenient for solution and presents results from the model to clarify some important aspects of this allocation decision. The planning region is assumed to consist of geographically defined subareas or census blocks, of known location. The population is stratified in such a way that each stratum exhibits relatively homogeneous patterns of health-care utilization. The model characterizes the effects of center locations upon aggregate utilization and utilization of individual centers, and gives optimal locations of centers with respect to several alternative criteria. An example illustrating computational feasibility and the implications of various criteria for the location decision is presented.