Alternate risk measures for emergency medical service system design
Annals of Operations Research
Noyan, N. (2010). Alternate risk measures for emergency medical service system design. [Journal Article]. Annals of Operations Research, 181(1), 559-589. doi: 10.1007/s10479-010-0787-x
The stochastic nature of emergency service requests and the unavailability of emergency vehicles when requested to serve demands are critical issues in constructing valid models representing real life emergency medical service (EMS) systems. We consider an EMS system design problem with stochastic demand and locate the emergency response facilities and vehicles in order to ensure target levels of coverage, which are quantified using risk measures on random unmet demand. The target service levels for each demand site and also for the entire service area are specified. In order to increase the possibility of representing a wider range of risk preferences we develop two types of stochastic optimization models involving alternate risk measures. The first type of the model includes integrated chance constraints (ICCs ), whereas the second type incorporates ICCs and a stochastic dominance constraint. We develop solution methods for the proposed single-stage stochastic optimization problems and present extensive numerical results demonstrating their computational effectiveness.